Unit 4: Vocabulary

Please study the 17 vocabulary below and press the 'Mark Complete' button.
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Agile
an iterative and incremental software development approach with work divided into sprints of a predetermined length
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The first book on Agile methodologies is the Manifesto for Agile Software Development written in 2001.
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alpha
the first version of a software application that is "feature ready" but still very far from "production ready"
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Alpha versions are rarely released to the public and frequently contain serious bugs.
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beta
a software version which is feature-ready, has passed early testing, and ready for more widespread testing
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The beta version of the new program was released yesterday, but final release is still months away.
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development cycle
the process of taking a piece of software from initial concept to final delivery
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The two most popular methodologies in the software development cycle are Waterfall and Agile.
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freemium
functioning software distributed free of charge with the possibility to buy more features later if desired
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The freemium model is increasingly seen because people are very reluctant to buy something without testing it first.
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help file
electronic documentation included with a program
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The help file often contains useful program shortcuts.
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MVP (minimum viable product)
an early release with only the most important features included
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MVP releases allow a company to get to market quickly by maintaining focus on the core feature set without wasting time on extra features that add little value to the average user.
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patch
a software update intended primarily to fix bugs or security holes in a software release
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Software patches and other updates should be available on a software publisher's web site.
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perform a meaningful task
do something useful as opposed to waste time
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Without a CPU a computer is unable to perform any meaningful task.
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productive
able to deliver a high number of something efficiently
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Office suites such as MS Office or Google Docs are designed to make users more productive at their jobs.
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RC (release candidate)
a piece of software that has passed its testing stages and is close to release
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Apple refers internally to a release candidate as "the golden master."
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rest at ease
to be free from worry
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"Rest at ease, my boy," said the salesman, "this new graphics card will have you pwning alien worlds for years to come."
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SDLC (software development life cycle)
a formalized approach to creating and maintaining software
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The SDLC consists of: requirements gathering, design, programming, testing, deployment, and maintenance.
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trial version
a piece of software which is available for evaluation by customers free of charge, normally for a limited amount of time
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Much to the annoyance of potential customers, sometimes a company "cripples" their trial versions by offering less features than the full version.
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upgrade
to replace an older version of software or hardware with a newer version
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The man needed to upgrade his office suite so he could export his document files as XML and JSON.
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Waterfall
a top down approach to software development with everything decided up front with milestones and distant deadlines
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Waterfall is best suited for projects where there is a clear goal and requirements are unlikely to change.
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you should be wary
be careful because something might be dangerous or disastrous
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You should be wary of bugs in beta versions and not use them on production servers.
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