Unit 9: Vocabulary

Please study the 20 vocabulary terms below. Then press the Mark Complete button to continue.
USA
UK
.NET Framework
A software framework by Microsoft which executes code via a virtual machine.
USA
UK
The .NET Framework is Microsoft's premium solution for programming applications, and supports over 20 languages including C#, VB.NET, and IronRuby.
USA
UK
bash
A command language written by Brian Fox in 1989 and used to administer linux and other Unix-like systems.
USA
UK
Bash is an acronym for "Bourne-again shell", a joke based on the name of the Bourne shell that it replaces and on the Christian religious term "born again".
USA
UK
C programming language
A low-level, compiled programming language developed in the early 1970s by Dennis Ritchie for use on the UNIX operating system.
USA
UK
C is still a popular programming language 40 years after it was created, mainly due to its minimalism and extreme speed.
USA
UK
compiler
A program that takes human readable code and turns it into machine readable code for running at a later time.
USA
UK
The students liked programming python more than C because they didn't have to use a compiler before execution.
USA
UK
ECMAScript
The official specification or "standard" for the language commonly known as JavaScript.
USA
UK
The professor told us that officially JavaScript should be called ECMAScript, but that few people do so in practice.
USA
UK
elegant code
Concise, clean, and clear code which allows other developers to understand and extend it.
USA
UK
The junior programmer wrote elegant code and used variable names with a clear meaning.
USA
UK
interpreter
A program that reads a high-level programming language, converts it into machine code, and then immediately runs that code.
USA
UK
Computer languages that require an interpreter often run slower than languages that require a compile
USA
UK
Java
A high-level, compiled, object-oriented programming language owned by software giant Oracle.
USA
UK
The computer science professor predicted that as processor speeds increased, Java would eventually replace C++ in application development.
USA
UK
JavaScript
A popular programming language originally developed by Brendan Eich at Netscape to provide client-side interactivity in web pages.
USA
UK
The web programmer used JavaScript to alert the user about invalid data entered in a required field.
USA
UK
multi-paradigm language
A programming language that supports both procedural and object-oriented programming philosophies.
USA
UK
PHP started out as a procedural language, but grew into a multi-paradigm language when it added support for objects in version 4.
USA
UK
object-oriented language
Any programming language optimized for modeling real-world objects and concepts.
USA
UK
Java is the most popular object-oriented language.
USA
UK
Perl
A high-level, interpreted programming language written by Larry Wall in 1986 and typically used for system administration.
USA
UK
Larry Wall is the inventor of Perl, a widely used programming language that has a very devout following.
USA
UK
PHP (PHP Hypertext Preprocessor)
A high-level, interpreted programming language written by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1995 and aimed mainly at web developers creating dynamic applications.
USA
UK
The professor said that PHP is the most popular web scripting language in the world and supports many advanced object-oriented programming techniques.
USA
UK
portability
A measure of how easily programs can be moved to a new system without having to make any changes.
USA
UK
Java and ANSI C are two attempts at making software portability a priority.
USA
UK
primitive type
Basic data types such as: boolean, byte, char, double, float, int, long, and short.
USA
UK
Pure object-oriented programming languages such as Ruby and Smalltalk do not contain any primitive types.
USA
UK
procedural language
Any programming language that is based on a step-by-step approach to solving a problem.
USA
UK
C is the standard example of a procedural language.
USA
UK
Python
A high-level, interpreted programming language developed by Guido van Rossum at CWI in the Netherlands.
USA
UK
The motto of Python is "there should be one- and preferably only one- obvious way to do it".
USA
UK
Ruby
An object-oriented, high-level, interpreted programming language developed in the 1990's by ace Japanese programmer Yukihiro Matsumoto..
USA
UK
The creator of Ruby wanted a scripting language that was more elegant than Perl, and more object-oriented than Python.
USA
UK
syntax
Rules governing the structure of a programming language.
USA
UK
The basic concepts of all programming languages are quite similar, even if the syntax can be quite different.
USA
UK
VB (Visual Basic)
A Windows-only, multi-paradigm programming language developed by Microsoft and intended for beginners or casual use.
USA
UK
The high school programming teacher taught his students Visual Basic in his Introduction to Programming class.
Go to unit menu