Unit 10: Vocabulary

Please study the 18 vocabulary terms below. Then press the Mark Complete button to continue.
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barebone
Computers often sold as incomplete kits that require extra components to be functional.
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Assembling a barebone computer is usually less expensive and certainly more configurable than buying a ready-made one off the shelf.
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convergence
The evolution of devices towards common functionality.
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The iPhone is a good example of convergence, because it has all the features of a PDA, mobile phone, and an MP3 player in one package.
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desktop computer
A personal computer typically in the shape of a tower or box with a connected keyboard, mouse, and monitor.
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Desktop computers are seen in nearly every office and home today.
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embedded system
A computer using a relatively slow and specialized processor and ROM chip, normally used to control a particular device such as a washing machine or an MP3 player.
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Nearly all electronics you can buy today are controlled by embedded systems.
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form factor
The size, configuration, or physical arrangement of a computing device.
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It's hard to buy components for a computer if you don't know the particular form factor.
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laptop
A portable computer with a built-in screen, integrated keyboard, and battery power.
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As laptop computers have become more powerful and affordable, they are steadily replacing the more traditional desktop computer.
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legacy system
An older device or application that continues to be used because of the high cost of replacing it.
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Mainframes and minicomputers used to be cutting edge; now they are known as legacy systems.
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netbook
An often cheap and small laptop with less powerful components meant for surfing the web, reading email, and other basic tasks.
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I wanted to play Call of Duty while I was traveling, but the graphics card in my netbook could only handle Solitaire.
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PC (personal computer)
A computer designed for use by one person at a time.
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When people use the term 'PC', they are often referring to a desktop computer running Windows.
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PDA (personal digital assistant)
A legacy handheld computer often running Palm OS or Windows CE and used as a contact organizer, game machine, work tool, or access controlle.
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In the 1990's the modern traveling businessman depended on his PDA to organize all his contacts and appointments.
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print server
Hardware or software designed to connect a network device with a printer.
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The secretary could not get a hard copy because the print server was broken.
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router
A specialized computer which connects two networks.
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The wifi router allowed the entire office to share a single internet connection.
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server
A type of computer intended primarily for central distribution of data to other computers on the same network.
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Because servers hold large amounts of centralized data, it is critical to have daily backup routines in place.
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smartphone
A hand-held multimedia computer optimized for communication and featuring a touch screen and internet connection.
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Almost everyone owns a smart phone today because they serve so many purposes and have become much more affordable over time.
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supercomputer
A computer designed to perform intensive tasks such as weather prediction, big data calculations, or space research.
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A typical supercomputer may have up to 100 processors and speeds are measured in tens of gigaflops.
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tablet
A portable computer shaped in the form of a notebook and capable of advanced handwriting recognition via use of a stylus or on-screen keyboard.
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Bill Gates predicted the rise of the tablet PC in 2001, but not much happened until Apple released the first iPad in 2010.
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wearables
Computers designed to be worn on the wrist, head, or other places on the body often to improve mobility.
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Smart watches and VR goggles are two popular forms of wearables.
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workstation
A high quality computer, typically with lots of RAM, plenty of CPU power, and a high quality video card.
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The engineer's latest 3d modeling project was so GPU intensive, that he wouldn't even begin it until his new workstation arrived.
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